30 Sep 2016 Working Papers
Employment and quality of employment in Vietnam: The roles of small firms, formalization and education
r4d Working Paper 2016/10 by Nguyen Tu Anh, Nguyen Thu Thuy and Dang Thi Thu Hoai
ABSTRACT: In this paper, we examine the contributions of Vietnam’s SMEs to employment and quality of employment. We also study the impact of technological upgrading on employment in enterprises in Vietnam including SMEs. Finally, we examine the role of education in probability in getting a job and a decent job in Vietnam. Our results confirm that SMEs are net job creators. In addition, the main channel of Vietnam SMEs’ technological upgrading is found to be investing in equipment, and by doing so it expands the possibility of employment. The results also show that education plays an important role in helping labors to get a job and a decent job. Based on these empirical results we propose some recommendations for Vietnamese government to improve quantity and quality of jobs in the country.