29 Mar 2021
Framing Labour Mobility, Investment Migration and Development Cooperation as Emerging Strategies to Implement Objectives 2 and 5 of the GCM
Blog post by Elisa Fornalé and Federica Cristani in the Refugee Law Initiative (RLI) Blog on Refugee Law and Forced Migration, published by the School of Advanced Study, University of London (2021)
Objectives 2 and 5 of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) aim at minimizing the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin (objective 2) and at enhancing availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration (objective 5), respectively; several actions are listed in order to support the implementation of the relevant commitments.
Objectives 2 and 5 include separate but strictly interconnected goals: on the one hand, minimizing the adverse drivers and structural factors of migration can enhance regular migration flows (as specified in para 18 of the GCM, “desperation and deteriorating environments” can lead to “irregular migration”); on the other hand, “identify, develop and strengthen solutions for migrants compelled to leave their countries of origin owing to slow-onset natural disasters, the adverse effects of climate change, and environmental degradation” is one of the express actions for realizing the goals of objective 5 (para. 21, let. h) of the GCM.