6 Jun 2012
Books/ Book Chapters
World Customs Organization (WCO)
Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Vol. X
The origins of the World Customs Organization (WCO) go back to the Committee for European Economic Co-operation which emerged from the Marshall Plan (European Recovery Program) (as laid down in the speech by US Secretary of State George C Marshall ‘European Initiative Essential to Economic Recovery’ XVI  DeptStBull 1159–60) and sought to develop an economic recovery programme and supervise the distribution of aid. In 1947 the 13 European governments represented in the Committee for European Economic Co-operation agreed to set up a Study Group vested with the mandate to examine the possibility of establishing one or more inter-European customs unions, based on the principles of the GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade [1947 and 1994]).