Rights to Animal Genetic Ressources - basic facts and debates
by Susette Biber-Klemm and Michelangelo Temmerman
Different strands of thinking and various lines of arguments lie behind the enquiry into the creation of rights to animal genetic resources. These are fuelled by three major developments regarding livestock genetic resources: the increasing volume in trade in animal products, the scientific progress in animal breeding with the advances in genetic engineering, and the so-called erosion of animal genetic resources. This paper discusses questions of conservation and the sustainable use of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture (AnGRFA) in context with international trade and property rights. It provides an overview of the ongoing processes, the current debates and involved institutions.